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Croy Index: Vocabulary - Prosody - Verbs - Nouns - Adjectives - Nominals - Other Topics - Syntax List

2.14 Simple Sentences

Below you will find some simple materials to help you build up to the exercises in Croy. The materials to help you with the Practice Sentences are on a separate page.

Simple Sentences

As you will see, Croy's Practice Sentences are usually rather long and often have several parts. In order to help you get ready for Croy's practice sentences, here are some simpler sentences, grouped according to the type of syntactical features that you can find in them. The sentences are shown below without English translations; there is a separate page with English translations for you to consult as well.

Here are the types of sentences and sentence patterns you will find in Croy's Practice Sentences:

Declarative Statements
(note the implied subject)
ἀδελφὴ λέγει. (note the explicit subject)
ἀκούει ἀδελφός. (word order: note that subject can follow verb in Greek)
οὐ διδάσκει ἀδελφός. (note the negation)
ἀδελφὴ καὶ ἀδελφὸς γράφουσιν. (note the compound subject)
βλέπω καὶ πιστεύω. (multiple verbs; same subject)
λέγετε καὶ πιστεύω. (multiple verbs; different subjects)


Subordinate Clauses
γινώσκεις ὅτι ἀκούομεν.
(note different subjects of verb in the main sentence and in the subordinate clause)
λέγομεν ὅτι ἀδελφὸς οὐκ ἀκούει. (note the implicit subject in the main sentence and the explicit subject in the subordinate clause)
βλέπομεν ὅτι γράφει ἀδελφή. (word order: note that subject can follow verb)
οὐ πιστεύω ὅτι ἀκούετε. (note the negation in the main sentence)
γινώσκει ὅτι οὐ πιστεύουσι. (note the negation in the subordinate clause)
γινώσκω ὄτι ἀδελφὴ λέγει καὶ ἀδελφὸς οὐκ ἀκούει. (note the multiple verbs in the subordinate clause, with different subjects for each verb)


Complementary Infinitive

θέλω γινώσκειν.

(θέλω is one of many verbs that can take complementary infinitive)
οὐ θέλουσιν ἀκούειν. (note the negation of the main verb - you will learn how to negate an infinitive later)
γινώσκω ὅτι θέλεις διδάσκειν. (note that the complementary infinitive in this sentence is part of a subordinate clause)
θέλομεν λέγειν καὶ ἀκούειν. (note the multiple infinitives)




(note the implied subject)
ἀδελφὸς διδάσκει; (note the explicit subject)
ἀκούει ἀδελφή; (word order: subject follows verb here)
θέλουσι διδάσκειν; (note the complementary infinitive)
λέγεις ὅτι οὐ πιστεύομεν; (note the negation in the subordinate clause)
οὐ γινώσκεις ὅτι ἀκούουσιν; (note the negation in the main sentence)


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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