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First-Second Declension Adjectives Practice

Word Order: In the indefinite phrases, word order is not determined by grammar. It is a matter of stylistic choice. In this chart, the adjective sometimes comes before the noun, sometimes afterwards - either form is possible. In the definite noun phrases, word order is not a stylistic choice - it is determined by grammar. The adjective comes between the article and the noun in a wrapped phrase. In a braided phrase, the noun part comes first, followed by the adjective part.

Indefinite     Definite: wrapped Definite: braided  
ψυχὴ καλή a beautiful soul   ἡ καλὴ ψυχή

ἡ ψυχὴ ἡ καλή

the beautiful soul
ὄχλος κακός a bad crowd   ὁ κακὸς ὄχλος ὁ ὄχλος ὁ κακός the bad crowd
δίκαιος νόμος a just law   ὁ δίκαιος νόμος ὁ νόμος ὁ δίκαιος the just law
ἐκκλησία πιστή a faithful assembly   ἡ πιστὴ ἐκκλησία ἡ ἐκκλησία ἡ πιστή the faithful assembly
ἀδελφὴ ἁγία a holy sister   ἡ ἁγία ἀδελφή ἡ ἀδελφὴ ἡ ἁγία the holy sister
τέκνον νεκρόν a dead child   τὸ νεκρὸν τέκνον

τὸ τέκνον τὸ νεκρόν

the dead child
μικρὰ πλοῖα small boats   τὰ μικρὰ πλοῖα τὰ πλοῖα τὰ μικρά the small boats
πρῶται φωναί first sounds   αἱ πρῶται φωναί αἱ φωναὶ αἱ πρῶται the first sounds
κύριοι ἀγαθοί good masters   οἱ ἀγαθοὶ κύριοι οἱ κύριοι οἱ ἀγαθοί the good masters
ἔργα πονηρά wicked deeds   τὰ πονηρὰ ἔργα τὰ ἔργα τὰ πονηρά the wicked deeds
ἔσχατοι λόγοι last words   οἱ ἔσχατοι λόγοι οἱ λόγοι οἱ ἔσχατοι the last words

Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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