Encyclopedia for Epics of Ancient India

A - B - C - D - E - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - P - R - S - T - U - V - Y


SAMBA. [Source: Dowson's Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology] A son of Krishna by Jambavati, but the Linga Purana names Rukmini as his mother. At the swayamvara of Draupadi he carried off that princess, but he was pursued by Duryodhana and his friends and made prisoner. Balarama undertook to obtain his release, and when that hero thrust his ploughshare under the ramparts of Hastinapura and threatened it with ruin, the Kauravas gave up their prisoner, and Balarama took him to Dwaraka. There he lived a dissolute life and scoffed at sacred things. The devotions of the three great sages, Vishvamitra, Durvasas, and Narada, excited the ridicule of Samba and his boon companions. They dressed Samba up to represent a woman with child and took him to the sages, inquiring whether he would give birth to a boy or a girl. The sages answered, "This is not a woman, but the son of Krishna, and he shall bring forth an iron club which shall destroy the whole race of Yadu,. and you and all your people shall perish by that club." Samba accordingly brought forth an iron club, which Ugrasena caused to be pounded and cast into the sea. These ashes produced rushes, and the rushes when gathered turned into clubs, or into reeds which were used as swords. One piece could not be crushed. This was subsequently found in the belly of a fish, and was used to tip an arrow, which arrow was used by the hunter Jaras, who with it unintentionally killed Krishna. Under the curse of Durvasas, Samba became a leper and retired to the Panjab, where by fasting, penance, and prayer he obtained the favour of Surya (the sun), and was cured of his leprosy. He built a temple to the sun on the banks of the Chandrabhaga (Chinab), and introduced the worship of that luminary.

Modern Languages MLLL-4993. Indian Epics. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. The textual material made available at this website is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. No claims are made regarding the status of images used at this website; if you own the copyright privileges to any of these images and believe your copyright privileges have been violated, please contact the webmaster. Page last updated: October 16, 2007 12:22 PM