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The Greek Verb: Croy Lesson 13 - First Aorist Past Tense

Next Stage

New material in purple
(no distinction between middle and passive forms)
NOTE: the aorist has distinct middle and passive forms

PAST TENSE: Now you have two past tenses: the Imperfect past and the Aorist past. The difference between them aspect. You will learn the Aorist passive later.

Imperfect Indicative (Past)

active - ἔλυον 10.65
Mid-Pass - ἠρχόμην 11.70

Aorist Indicative (Past)

Active - ἔλυσα 13.85
Middle - ἠρξάμην 13.86
NON-PAST TENSE: Do you see how the formation of the "sigmatic" Aorist resembles the Future stems that you have learned? That is a sign that they are part of the same system.

Present Indicative

Active - λύω 2.11
Mid-Pass - ἄρχομαι 9.55

Future Indicative

Active - λύσω 12.76
Middle - ἄρξομαι 12.77
INFINITIVE: The Aorist infinitive is not a "past" tense, and it has no augment! The difference between Present and Aorist infinitives is a difference of aspect.

Present Infinitive

Active - λύειν 2.12
Mid-Pass - ἄρχεσθαι 9.57

Aorist Infinitive

Active - λῦσαι 13.87
Middle - ἄρξασθαι 13.87


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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