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Croy Index: Vocabulary - Prosody - Verbs - Nouns - Adjectives - Nominals - Other Topics - Syntax List

4.22 Vocabulary

New Words: Read the new words in Croy Lesson 4 out loud, paying careful attention to the sound of the Greek and the English meanings of each word.

Parts of Speech: It is best to study vocabulary based on parts of speech, so you need to be clear about the different parts of speech represented in the vocabulary for this lesson. Once again, the nouns are shown with both the nominative singular and the genitive singular form.

Postpositives. In the "Other" category this week, you will find the word δέ which is a postpositive form in Greek. This means that the word cannot come first in its clause. Instead, it follows the first word (or word group). Most postpositives are a kind of "verbal punctuation" which can be difficult to translate into English. Greek originally did not have any punctuation marks at all, and even when punctuation marks were added to the written texts later on, they were much less extensive than the punctuation marks we are used to in English. Greek, however, used these words to serve much the same purpose as punctuation does in English. You will be able to see this more clearly when you encounter some more examples of postpositives in later lessons.

Nouns: Chapter 4 Other

ἀδελφός, ἀδελφοῦ
ἄνθρωπος, ἀνθρώπου
δοῦλος, δούλου
θάνατος, θανάτου
θεός, θεοῦ
κύριος, κυρίου
λόγος, λόγου
νόμος, νόμου
οἶκος, οἴκου
οὐρανός, οὐρανοῦ
υἱός, υἱοῦ
ἔργον, ἔργου
τέκνον, τέκνου


Accent Practice: Make sure you study the Prosody Patterns: Chapter 4 for your new words. (Read these notes About Prosody Patterns for more notes about this method of studying vocabulary.)

Make Flashcards. You need to make a set of hand-written flashcards that you can use for study and review purposes. (Read these notes About Flashcards for more notes about this method of studying vocabulary.)

Vocabulary Worksheet. Make sure you use the Vocabulary Worksheet to test your knowledge of the new words. (Read these notes About Vocabulary Worksheets for more notes about this method of studying vocabulary.)

Dictation. Listen to the audio, and write down each Greek word as you hear it. You can use the Vocabulary Worksheet to see if your answers are correct because the words in the dictation reading are presented in the same order as on the Worksheet. (Read these notes About Dictation for more notes about this method of studying vocabulary.)

Croy Biblical Greek 4 at QUIA

Croy Biblical Greek 2-4 at QUIA

Optional: You can play matching and concentration games at the QUIA website.

Proceed with Croy Lesson 4


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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