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Croy Index: Vocabulary - Prosody - Verbs - Nouns - Adjectives - Nominals - Other Topics - Syntax List

3.21 Simple Sentences

Below you will find some simple materials to help you build up to the exercises in Croy. The materials to help you with the Practice Sentences are on a separate page.

Simple Sentences

As you will see, Croy's Practice Sentences are usually rather long and often have several parts. In order to help you get ready for Croy's practice sentences, here are some simpler sentences, grouped according to the type of syntactical features that you can find in them. The sentences are shown below without English translations; there is a separate page with English translations for you to consult as well.

You might also want to review some of the sentence types from the previous lesson:
Lesson 2: Declarative Statements, Subordinate Clauses, Complementary Infinitive, Questions

Here are the types of sentences and sentence patterns you will find in Croy's Practice Sentences:

Uses of the Nominative Case
λέγει φωνή. (note that the subject can follow the verb in Greek)
ἀδελφαὶ λέγουσιν. (note the plural subject)
γῆ καὶ θάλασσα γινώσκουσιν. (note the compound subject)
ἔχουσιν ἀδελφὸς καὶ ἀδελφὴ γῆν. (note the compound subject, following the verb)

Uses of the Accusative Case

(see also the Accusative Drill page)

ἀκούομεν φωνήν. (note the direct object)
θέλουσιν ἔχειν βασιλέιας. (note the plural direct object)
ἐκκλησία γινώσκει ὥραν καὶ ἡμέραν. (note the compound direct object)
θέλετε λέγειν ἀλήθειαν. (note that an infinitive can also take a direct object)
διδάσκομεν καρδίαν πιστεύειν. (note the use of the accusative plus the infinitive with the verb διδάσκομεν)
Uses of the Genitive Case
καρδία ἀδελφῆς οὐ θέλει πιστεύειν. (note the nominative noun phrase using the genitive case)
ἀκούομεν φωνὴν ἀληθείας. (note the accusative noun phrase using the genitive case)
  Uses of the Dative Case
γράφω ἐκκλησίᾳ. (note the indirect object)
ἀδελφαὶ λέγουσιν ἐκκλησίαις. (note the plural indirect object)


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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