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4.26 Simple Sentences
Below you will find some simple materials to help you build up to the exercises
in Croy. The materials to help
you with the Practice
on a separate page.
As you will see, Croy's Practice Sentences are usually rather long and often
have several parts. In order to help you get ready for Croy's practice sentences,
here are some simpler sentences, grouped according to the type of syntactical
features that you can find in them. The sentences are shown below without English
translations; there is a separate page with English translations for
you to consult as well.
You might also want to review some of the sentence types from the previous
- Lesson 2: Declarative Statements,
Subordinate Clauses, Complementary Infinitive, Questions
- Lesson 3: Nominative, Accusative,
The sentences for this lesson are basically the same types as you saw in the
last lesson (nominative-accusative-genitive-dative), but with a different set
of noun endings for you to learn. The only new sentence features are the use
of the postpositive particle δὲ and
the use of the vocative, which has a specific form of its
own in the masculine singular second declension nouns:
|γινώσκω δὲ ὅτι θεός βλέπει καρδίαν.
||(note that the particle comes in second position)
|τέκνα δὲ γῆς οὐ βλέπουσιν οἶκον θεοῦ.
||(the particle can actually come in between two words that make up a noun
|Κύριε, θέλομεν βλέπειν θεοῦ ἔργα.
||(note that the vocative form is distinct in the masculine
| δοῦλοι διδάσκουσιν τέκνα.
||(note that the subject is following the verb)
||(plural subject following the verb)
||Accusative Case (see also the Accusative
||(singular direct object)
||(plural direct object)
|θέλουσι βλέπειν οὐρανόν.
||(singular direct object of infinitive)
|θέλομεν διδάσκειν τέκνα.
||(plural direct object of infinitive)
|διδάσκει δούλους γράφειν.
||(note the use of the accusative plus the infinitive with the verb διδάσκομεν)
| ζωὴν ἔχει οἶκος θεοῦ.
||(nominative noun phrase, with genitive)
|υἱοῦ θάνατος λύει καρδίαν.
||(nominative noun phrase, with genitive preceding)
|γράφει ἄνθρωπος λόγους ζωῆς.
||(accusative noun phrase, with genitive)
|θέλομεν βλέπειν θεοῦ ἔργα.
||(accusative noun phrase, with genitive preceding)
|λέγουσιν υἱοὶ δούλῳ.
Laura Gibbs, Ph.D.
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Page last updated:
April 9, 2005 8:06 PM