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Croy Index: Vocabulary - Prosody - Verbs - Nouns - Adjectives - Nominals - Other Topics - Syntax List

4.26 Simple Sentences

Below you will find some simple materials to help you build up to the exercises in Croy. The materials to help you with the Practice Sentences are on a separate page.

Simple Sentences

As you will see, Croy's Practice Sentences are usually rather long and often have several parts. In order to help you get ready for Croy's practice sentences, here are some simpler sentences, grouped according to the type of syntactical features that you can find in them. The sentences are shown below without English translations; there is a separate page with English translations for you to consult as well.

You might also want to review some of the sentence types from the previous lessons:

The sentences for this lesson are basically the same types as you saw in the last lesson (nominative-accusative-genitive-dative), but with a different set of noun endings for you to learn. The only new sentence features are the use of the postpositive particle δὲ and the use of the vocative, which has a specific form of its own in the masculine singular second declension nouns:

Postpositive Particle
γινώσκω δὲ ὅτι θεός βλέπει καρδίαν. (note that the particle comes in second position)
τέκνα δὲ γῆς οὐ βλέπουσιν οἶκον θεοῦ. (the particle can actually come in between two words that make up a noun phrase)
  Vocative Case
Κύριε, θέλομεν βλέπειν θεοῦ ἔργα. (note that the vocative form is distinct in the masculine singular)
Nominative Case
δοῦλοι διδάσκουσιν τέκνα. (plural subject)
γράφει ἄνθρωπος. (note that the subject is following the verb)
λέγουσιν υἱοὶ. (plural subject following the verb)
  Accusative Case (see also the Accusative Drill page)
βλέπουσιν οἶκον. (singular direct object)
γράφει λόγους. (plural direct object)
θέλουσι βλέπειν οὐρανόν. (singular direct object of infinitive)
θέλομεν διδάσκειν τέκνα. (plural direct object of infinitive)
διδάσκει δούλους γράφειν. (note the use of the accusative plus the infinitive with the verb διδάσκομεν)
Genitive Case
ζωὴν ἔχει οἶκος θεοῦ. (nominative noun phrase, with genitive)
υἱοῦ θάνατος λύει καρδίαν. (nominative noun phrase, with genitive preceding)
γράφει ἄνθρωπος λόγους ζωῆς. (accusative noun phrase, with genitive)
θέλομεν βλέπειν θεοῦ ἔργα. (accusative noun phrase, with genitive preceding)
  Dative Case
λέγουσιν υἱοὶ δούλῳ. (indirect object)


Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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