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Croy Index: Vocabulary - Prosody - Verbs - Nouns - Adjectives - Nominals - Other Topics - Syntax List

5.32 Simple Sentences

Below you will find some simple materials to help you build up to the exercises in Croy. The materials to help you with the Practice Sentences are on a separate page.

Simple Sentences

As you will see, Croy's Practice Sentences are usually rather long and often have several parts. In order to help you get ready for Croy's practice sentences, here are some simpler sentences, grouped according to the type of syntactical features that you can find in them. The sentences are shown below without English translations; there is a separate page with English translations for you to consult as well.

You might also want to review some of the sentence types from the previous lessons:

The sentences for this lesson focus on the use of adjectives. You need to be familiar with the cases (nominative, accusative, genitive, dative and vocative), and also with the special syntax of adjectives and the use of the definitive article.

Definite Article (noun only) (you can practice the definite article using the Accusative with Definite Article Drill)
βλέπει ὁ κύριος. (the definite noun is in the nominative)
ὁ θάνατος οὐ καλός. (note the use of the definite article with abstract nouns)
διδάσκω τὰ τέκνα. (the definite noun is in the accusative)
ἀκούομεν τῆς φωνῆς. (the definite noun is in the genitive)

πιστεύουσι τῷ λόγῳ.

(the definite noun is in the dative)
Predicate Adjective  

ἡ γῆ ἀγαθὴ.

(note that verb "is" is implied, not stated)
δίκαιος ὁ κύριος. (predicate or subject can come first)

δίκαιος καὶ ἅγιος ὁ κύριος.

(note the compound predicate)
πιστοὶ οἱ ἄνθρωποι. (plural noun and adjective; predicate at beginning of sentence
αἱ ἡμέραι πονηραὶ. (plural noun and adjective; predicate at end of sentence)
Attributive Adjective:Indefinite  
δούλους ἀγαθούς ἐχομεν.
(the attributive adjectival phrase is in the accusative case)
Attributive Adjective: Definite (wrapped) (you can find more examples at the Wrapped-Braided Adjectives Chart)
λέγει ἡ μικρὰ ἀδελφὴ. (the adjective comes between the article and the noun)
διδάσκω τὰ μικρὰ τέκνα. (the noun-adjectival phrase is in the accusative)
Attributive Adjective: Definite (braided) (you can find more examples at the Wrapped-Braided Adjectives Chart)
λέγει ἡ ἀδελφὴ ἡ μικρὰ. (the definite article is used with both the adjective and the noun)
οὐ θέλω βλέπειν τὸ τέκνον τὸ νεκρόν. (the braided phrase is in the accusative)
οἱ ἀδελφοὶ οἱ πονηροὶ οὐκ ἀκούουσιν. (the braided phrase is in the plural)
Substantive Adjective  
οὐ βλέπουσι τὰ ἀγαθὰ. (the good = the good things)
Postpositive Particle  

ὁ γὰρ θάνατος οὐ καλός.

(particle can come between the definite article and its noun)

ἔργα δὲ καλὰ οὐκ ἔχουσιν.

(particle can come between noun and adjective)

Biblical Greek Online. Laura Gibbs, Ph.D. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. You must give the original author credit. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one. Page last updated: April 9, 2005 8:06 PM

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